Book by Oscar Hammerstein II. Based on the poetry anthology, Old Possum’s Book of Practical Cats, by T.S. Eliot. Music by Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by T.S. Eliot, with additional lyrics by Trevor Nunn and Richard Stilgoe.
The original West End production opened on 11 May 1981 and was directed by RTrevor Nunn, with choreography by Gillian Lynne. The production closed on 1 May 2002, running for a total of 8 949 performances. The original production transferred to Broadway, opening on 7 October 1982 and closing on 10 September 2000, running for a total of 7 485 performances.
Illustrated Synopsis and Musical Numbers
Synopsis and Musical Numbers
In a huge junkyard, a tribe of cats known as Jellicle cats come together for their annual Jeiicle Ball and consider what makes them more special than normal cats (JELLICLE SONGS FOR JELLICLE CATS). Jellicles, for example, are each give three names, one given to them by their human owners, another that is unique to each cat’s personality, and a third, deeply profound name known only by the cat him- or herself (THE NAMING OF CATS). The Jeiicle Ball is a most important nightfor the tribe, as on this night the cats can be reborn into a new Jellicle life on the Heaviside Layer, should they be awarded this honour by the patriarch of the tribe, Old Deuteronomy, (INVITATION TO THE JELLICLE BALL).
The first cat competing for a spot in heaven is Jennyanydots, THE OLD GUMBIE CAT. Fooling her masters into believing she is dormant during the day, Jennyanydots comes alive and useful at night. Instead of chasing the mice and insects, she teaches them music and crocheting so they don’t ruin the house with their destructive behaviour.
The next cat is THE RUM TUM TUGGER, a curious yet suave cat who annoys his masters with his mischief and fickleness. Suddenly, the Rum Tum Tugger is interrupted by an uninvited guest, GRIZABELLA, THE GLAMOUR CAT. Grizabella begs the cats to let her come to the Jellicle Ball, but the other cats ostracize the faded beauty, alienated by her “lady-of-the-night” ways.
The third cat in competition is BUSTOPHER JONES, the sophisticated “cat about town”. Fattened by high society living, Bustopher Jones is a well-liked cat among the Jellicle Cats, unlike Grizabella. Suddenly, the cats are scared off into hiding when they hear some ominous noises, frantically whispering, “Macavity!” Two cats don’t go off into hiding, the unsavory duo MUNGOJERRIE AND RUMPLETEAZER. Both are professional “cat” burglars who cause all sorts of mischief while they burglarize the houses. When the other Jellicle cats come out of hiding to watch the two croon over their stolen goods, they chase Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer out of the junkyard.
At last, the awaited moment of the Jellicle Ball has arrived. OLD DEUTORONOMY has come to the Jellicle Ball. The old cat is welcome by worship, praise, and kisses. No Jellicle cat has ever been as great as Old Deuteronomy. When Old Deuteronomy is seated, Munkustrap entertains him with the tale of THE AWFUL BATTLE BETWEEN THE PEKES AND THE POLLICLE DOGS. Finally, THE JELLICAL BALL begins. The cats start to dance the night away while Old Deuteronomy ponders which cat deserves the honour to be reborn.
The ball is once again crashed by Grizabella, who feels she also deserves a chance to compete. The other cats disdainfully leave her alone to find another spot in the junkyard to dance. Unbeknownst to Grizabella, Old Deuteronomy is listening to her cries as she dreams for a second chance to regain her beauty and change her behaviour (GRIZABELLA THE GLAMOUR CAT (REPRISE).
Act Two: Why Will the Summer Day Delay / When Will Time Flow Away
In another part of the junkyard, Old Deuteronomy is surrounded by the Jellicle cats. He announces that he will choose the cat who “has found meaning to the happiness he or she has experienced” (THE MOMENTS OF HAPPINESS).
Jellylorum then introduces the next candidate, GUS: THE THEATRE CAT. Gus was once one of the greatest actors of his time. As he recounts some of his exploits in the theatre, Gus realizes that theatre today is not what it once was. He relives in his mind one of his favorite plays, “GROWLTIGER’S LAST STAND”. His memory is so detailed that the audience can literally see Growltiger’s ship, the leading lady Griddlebone who joined him in the romantic “BALLAD OF BILY M’CAW”, and the actors who played his nemeses. Soon the memory of the play fades and Gus finds himself back in the junkyard, with his theatre legacy a fading memory.
The next cat to compete is SKIMBLESHANK, THE RAILWAY CAT, who believes in extreme efficiency and reflects that in his work at the train station. As Skimbleshanks entices the Jellicle cats with his daily life at the railway station, the Jellicle cats hear the ominous noise they heard earlier. MACAVITY, the Mystery Cat has shown up uninvited to the Jellicle Ball. Angered by not being invited, Macavity and his henchman spirit Old Deuteronomy away so he cannot decide which cat will go to heaven.
As Munkustrap and some of the other Jellicle cats look for Macavity and Old Deuteronomy, Demeter and Bombularina whisper about the crimes this wicked cat has committed in his lifetime. He has even defied the law of gravity! His evilness has caused his to be feared by most Jellicle cats. Finally, Munkustrap and Alonso have found Macavity without their leader. They try to fight the answer out of him, but he is too powerful. Macavity tries to make a grand escape, seemingly electrocuted from a nearby generator. When the smoke clears, Macavity is gone. And now there’s no way to find Old Deuteronomy.
The Rum Tum Tugger suggests that maybe if they conjure up magical MR. MISTOGGELEES, he can help bring back Old Deuteronomy. Before anyone can summon this magical cat, Mr. Mistoffelees appears with his smooth moves and magic tricks. With a wave of the cape, he successfully recovers Old Deuteronomy, unharmed. The Jellicle cats rejoice. Mr. Mistoffelees has saved the day!
For the third time, Grizabella comes back to the junkyard, tired of the shabby treatment she has been receiving from her fellow Jellicle cats. She explains how she wants to be reborn for a second chance to live differently – to live like the happy memories she has of when she was beautiful, before her years of prostitution (MEMORY).
After Grizabella is through, it is obvious to Old Deuteronomy which cat should have the honor of going to heaven. The Jellicle cats finally kneel out of respect to the cat who will be going to be reborn – Grizabella! Old Deuteronomy escorts Grizabella on a flying tire “up to the Heaviside Layer past the Jellicle Moon and the Russell Hotel” when Grizabella is to be reborn (THE JOURNEY TO THE HEAVISIDE LAYER).
It is almost morning. The Jellicle Ball is over for another year. As Old Deuteronomy adjourns his fellow Jellicle cats, he reminds them of their special privileges as cats (THE AD-RESSING OF CATS). Soon all of the Jellicle cats return home and the junkyard is quiet again for another year.
Purchases from Amazon.com
FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: 1. Cats Original London Cast CD. 2. Cats Original Broadway Cast CD. 3. Cats Original Viennese Cast CD (in German). 4. Cats Original Australian Cast CD. 5. Cats Broadway Cast Highlights CD.
FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: 1. Cats Commerative Edition DVD. 2. Andrew Lloyd Webber Masterpiece DVD with Bonus CD. 3. Cats: The Book of the Musical. 4. Cats Vocal Selections. 5. A Cat’s Diary: How The Broadway Production of Cats Was Born Book.